Wine Tasting and Determining the Properties of Wines
Wine tasting has been around for a long time. Throughout the years, experts developed a methodology to have a more systematized process of wine tasting. You will use most of your senses to evaluate and examine wine.
Wine tasting is a joy for both amateur and professional wine tasters. Professional wine tasters make use of specialized terminology to report their findings providing an in-depth analysis of the wine. Aside from systematized wine tasting, there are also informal tastings for recreation. Although wine tasting has been around for a long time, the word “tasting” was first noted in 1519. The terminology became official in the 18th century.
Essentials to Remember About Wine Tasting
Wine evaluation uses the following four categories:
When tasting, you will report your findings and determine the specific properties of the wine. A “tasting flight” involves tasting many wines at one time.
Tastings can be vertical or horizontal. In a vertical tasting, the samples compared have the same type of wine from the same winery but have different vintages. On the other hand, in a horizontal tasting, you compare wines from different producers but with the same vintage. You can determine the differences in the styles of the wineries by keeping the wine type and region the same on all wines.
You should also consider that for you to have a fair evaluation of a wine, you should try a blind tasting. In a blind tasting, you will taste and examine the wine without seeing its bottle shape or label. A server can also put the wine in the black glass to hide its colour. Your judgment can be affected by knowing some of the characteristics of the wine, such as price, place of origin, colour, reputation, etc. Blind tastings can avoid bias arising from colour, price, and geographic origin.
How Do You Perform Wine Tasting?
In evaluating wine, it is essential to take notes so that you don’t forget your findings. Also, remember that this skill takes time and practice to develop. You must learn how to characterize wine in terms of colour, smell, and taste. Below is an outline of the steps for beginners:
• Examine the colour – you can view it from a straight angle, side view, or tilted view. You can also swirl it to observe the legs and get an idea of the wine’s alcohol content and sweetness. You can use the colour of the wine to determine its saturation and density. The colour can also give a clue on the type of grapes that make up the wine.
• Examine the smell – you must learn the different fragrances indicating good and bad characteristics of the wine. The aroma can help you determine some of the wine’s components or ageing conditions. The smell can also give you an idea if the wine is spoiled.
• Wine Tasting and Determining the Properties of Wines – take a sip of the wine but not too much, or you’ll end up drunk by the end of the wine tasting session. After this part of the examination, you will be able to conclude if the wine is harmonious, complex, balanced, or complete.
Don’t Wear White
You should also take note of the following when participating in tasting flights:
• Plan your activity
• Don’t be afraid to try new things
• Ask questions
• Spit; do not swallow all the wine
• You can give your honest opinion about any wine
• Avoid wearing aftershave or perfume
• Eat before the activity
• Avoid wearing a white shirt
Whether your purpose for wine tasting is to determine what wine you like or to learn how to evaluate wines like a professional, you must know some essential characteristics of wines. Being good at something takes time, and you must try to learn as much as you can.
Additional reading: Wines of Provence Understanding the Colours and Terminology
A guest post by Bill Marcia, who has been involved with winemaking since 2007 and loves to share knowledge with others.